Posted on February 23, by Scott Alexander [Content warning: Discussion of social justice, discussion of violence, spoilers for Jacqueline Carey books. This post was inspired by a debate with a friend of a friend on Facebook who has since become somewhat famous. Andrew Cord criticizes me for my bold and controversial suggestion that maybe people should try to tell slightly fewer blatant hurtful lies:
By Fouad Kazem A campaign has been recently launched. Many Iranians from all stripes, Civilization vs savagery, monarchists, nationalists, reformists, liberals, even some leftists, and some religious hardliners, whether in Iran or abroad, have been swept up by a nationalistic fervor.
And, what, you may ask, is the root cause of this rare moment of unity among Iranians? It is the fact that an atlas published by the National Geographic in included in parentheses the words "Arabian Gulf" next to the "Persian Gulf".
That is why there is a campaign to convince the world about the name of the "Persian Gulf". It is a fact that by all historical accounts the Persian Gulf has always been called the "Persian Gulf", in most recorded history.
It is also true that in the same region there is the "Sea of Oman", and next to that there is the "Arab Sea". There is no reason to change the name of "Persian Gulf" to the "Arab Gulf", for that would create more confusion.
However, should those interested in Iran's progress and democracy focus their time and energy on teaching everyone in the world about the name of a gulf?
Would it not be more productive to devote efforts to make the historical connections between Iran, Iranian, Farsi, and Persian? Would it not make more sense to study the basic facts of Persian and world history we can change the present and work towards a better future? At this point, the vast majority of non-Iranians do not even know that Iranian, Farsi, and Persian are synonymous words referring to the same civilization and language.
At best they think Persia is a region larger than Iran; at worst they think Persian is a civilization that disappeared along with the Hittites who used to live in today's Turkey or Babylonians who used to live in today's Iraq.
They think Farsi is a new dialect remotely related to Persian. They think Persian is a type of cat, a style of rug, or a flying carpet from somewhere exotic in the East.
Basic facts of Persian history need to be clarified, before we focus on teaching people about the name of the Persian Gulf. Even if we succeed in convincing everyone in the world including every Saudi Sheikh in his Harem to use the name "Persian Gulf", the connection of that name with Iran will still be problematic in the minds of many.
Persia's government in asked the world to stop using the word, "Persian" and use the word "Iranian" instead 1.
And yet in English we want it to be called the "Persian Gulf". Why the confusion over the names Persian and Iranian?
For the last years, up to the yearfollowing a naming convention that was started by the ancient Greeks, in all Western languages today's Iran was known as "Persia", a word that was different from the word used in Persian, which was always "Iran".
There are many other examples of such naming conventions in the world. Indians call their country "Bharat", Egyptians call their land "Missr", in Finland they call their country "Suomi", the Japanese call their country "Nihon", and Germans call their country "Deutschland" 2. By the same token, the language of Persia Iran has always been internationally known as Persian.
The naming conventions for Persia aka Iran changed in The suggestion for the name change from Persia to Iran is said to have come from the Persian ambassador to Germany, who was a Nazi sympathizer.
In Germany was ruled by Hitler. Aryanism was equated by the Nazis as the highest level of human civilization, in an article of faith based on a vulgar Hegelian hyperbola. Apparently the Persian ambassador was persuaded by his Nazi friends that Persia would be better off as an ally of Nazi Germany.
Moreover, he became convinced that the country should be called by its Persian name, Iran, in Western languages. This was to signal a new beginning and bring home to the world the new era in Iranian history, one that would emphasize the Aryan aspect of its people.
The name Iran is a cognate of the old word Aryan. The Persian Ministry of Foreign Affairs sent out a memo to all foreign embassies in Tehran, requesting that the country be called "Iran.
Some Westerners thought that it was perhaps one of the new countries like Kuwait or Jordan carved out of the ruins of the Ottoman Empire, or like "Pakistan", carved out of India.
Even today many confuse Iran with Iraq.The Mayan Civilization - It was a fantastic place to live,however, all of the achievements, like better education, that made the civilization so also had a part in its downfall.
Civilization vs. Savagery: An Exploration of Counterpoint in Lord of the Flies Counterpoint is a common literary device used by many authors in a variety of forms of literature.
It gives the work contrast and interest as well as a diverse insight into two completely different ideas or opposites. A campaign has been recently launched. Many Iranians from all stripes, fascists, monarchists, nationalists, reformists, liberals, even some leftists, and some religious hardliners, whether in Iran or abroad, have been swept up by a nationalistic fervor.
And, what, you may ask, is the root cause of. Struggle Between Civilization and Savagery in Lord of the Flies by William Golding Words | 4 Pages. Throughout the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding there is a constant struggle between civilization and savagery, however, in the novel, savagery .
There was the sad news today of a mother of 5 being killed by a crossbow. At first I thought it was a local British Pakistani affair. However it seems this was a bit of a twist as seen below. Lord of the Flies Allegory: Civilization vs.
Savagery Every human has a primal instinct lying within them. It is not a question of how close to the actual surface it dwells, but rather how well an individual controls and copes with it.
In a state of prolonged anguish and panic, what is one truly capable [ ].