Parental behavior is crucial to normal and abnormal development.
Theoretical approaches are an understandably integral part of the therapeutic process. But with so many different methods out there, how do you know which counseling approach works best for you?
These theories are integrated throughout the curriculum of Counseling Northwestern and are built into a foundation grounded in the psychodynamic perspective. Counseling Northwestern uses this theory to train counselors, and it is embedded throughout the counselor training process.
The belief is that by revealing and bringing these issues to the surface, treatment and healing can occur.
Behavioral Theory Behavioral theory is based on the belief that behavior is learned.
Pavlov executed a famous study using dogs, which focused on the effects of a learned response e. Skinner developed another behavioral therapy approach, called operant conditioning. He believed in the power of rewards to increase the likelihood of a behavior and punishments to decrease the occurrence of a behavior.
Behavioral therapists work on changing unwanted and destructive behaviors through behavior modification techniques such as positive or negative reinforcement.
Cognitive Theory In the s, psychotherapist Aaron Beck developed cognitive theory. Unlike psychodynamic theory, therapy based on cognitive theory is brief in nature and oriented toward problem solving. Cognitive and behavioral therapy are often combined as one form of theory practiced by counselors and therapists.
Humanistic Approach Humanistic therapists care most about the present and helping their clients achieve their highest potential.
Humanistic theories include client-centered, gestalt, and existential therapies. Carl Rogers developed client-centered therapy, which focuses on the belief that clients control their own destinies.
He believed that all therapists need to do is show their genuine care and interest.
Existential therapists help clients find meaning in their lives by focusing on free will, self-determination, and responsibility.
In addition to traditional talk therapy, holistic therapy may include nontraditional therapies such as hypnotherapy or guided imagery. The key is to use the techniques and psychotherapy tools best suited for a particular client and problem.
There are various therapies that counselors can choose to study, but the type of theory matters less than the success of the relationship between client and therapist. In the Counseling Northwestern online Master of Arts in Counseling Program, students are prepared to become self-reflective practitioners and learn to examine the factors that influence the client-therapist relationship to become successful counselors.Learning theories and models summaries explained & easy to understand.
Useful for students and teachers in educational psychology, instructional design, digital media and learning.
Quantum theory, game theory and evolution all make the list of history’s paradigm-busting revolutionary scientific theories.
Top 10 revolutionary scientific theories. by. Tom Siegfried. 7 Theories on the Origin of Life. Inside you'll learn just how mysterious this all is, as we reveal the different scientific theories on the origins of life on Earth.
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Trait theories of personality imply personality is biologically based, As a child moves through different developmental stages, the location of the libido, and hence sources of pleasure, change These theories are sometimes referred to a psychometric theories, because of their emphasis on measuring personality by using psychometric testsAuthor: Saul Mcleod.
Theories Used in Social Work Practice & Practice Models Social work theories are general explanations that are supported by evidence obtained through the scientific method. A theory may explain human behavior, for example, by describing how humans interact or how humans react to certain stimuli.
The big list of academic theories, postulates, hypotheses, etc. on which persuasion techniques are based.