Rousseau This Essay Locke Vs. This differs from Locke's concept of the state of nature in that, his natural condition of mankind was a state liberty in which one was able to conduct one's life as they saw fit. Like Rousseau's, it was a time of peace between the people, but Locke's was not necessarily a solitary life.
As the absolute rule of kings weakened, Enlightenment philosophers argued for different forms of democracy. The war ended with the beheading of the king. Shortly after Charles was executed, an English philosopher, Thomas Hobbes —wrote Leviathana defense of the absolute power of kings.
The title of the book referred to a leviathan, a mythological, whale-like sea monster that devoured whole ships. Hobbes likened the leviathan to government, a powerful state created to impose order. Every person was free to do what he or she needed to do to survive.
The only way out of this situation, Hobbes said, was for individuals to create some supreme power to impose peace on everyone. Hobbes borrowed a concept from English contract law: The sovereign, created by the people, might be a person or a group.
The sovereign would make and enforce the laws to secure a peaceful society, making life, liberty, and property possible. Placing all power in the hands of a king would mean more resolute and consistent exercise of political authority, Hobbes argued. Hobbes also maintained that the social contract was an agreement only among the people and not between them and their king.
Once the people had given absolute power to the king, they had no right to revolt against him. He feared religion could become a source of civil war. In any conflict between divine and royal law, Hobbes wrote, the individual should obey the king or choose death.
But the days of absolute kings were numbered. A new age with fresh ideas was emerging—the European Enlightenment. Enlightenment thinkers wanted to improve human conditions on earth rather than concern themselves with religion and the afterlife.
Enlightenment philosophers John Locke, Charles Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all developed theories of government in which some or even all the people would govern.
These thinkers had a profound effect on the American and French revolutions and the democratic governments that they produced. Locke studied science and medicine at Oxford University and became a professor there. This event reduced the power of the king and made Parliament the major authority in English government.
InLocke published his Two Treatises of Government. He generally agreed with Hobbes about the brutality of the state of nature, which required a social contract to assure peace. But he disagreed with Hobbes on two major points.
First, Locke argued that natural rights such as life, liberty, and property existed in the state of nature and could never be taken away or even voluntarily given up by individuals.
Locke also disagreed with Hobbes about the social contract. For him, it was not just an agreement among the people, but between them and the sovereign preferably a king. According to Locke, the natural rights of individuals limited the power of the king. The king did not hold absolute power, as Hobbes had said, but acted only to enforce and protect the natural rights of the people.
If a sovereign violated these rights, the social contract was broken, and the people had the right to revolt and establish a new government. Although Locke spoke out for freedom of thought, speech, and religion, he believed property to be the most important natural right.
He declared that owners may do whatever they want with their property as long as they do not invade the rights of others. Locke favored a representative government such as the English Parliament, which had a hereditary House of Lords and an elected House of Commons.
The three philosophers, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau were three key thinkers of political philosophy. The three men helped develop the social contract theory into what it is in this modern day and age. Hobbes Locke And Rousseau And The Social Contract School of thought Essay. Home; All three of these, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau are well-known for their works in neuro-scientific political beliefs. These three philosophers dominated the political thoughts of the 17th and 18th century. Essay on Equality: Comparing Hobbes and Locke Hobbes and Locke’s each have different ideologies of man’s state of nature that develops their ideal form of government. They do however have similar ideas, such as how man is born with a perfect state of equality that is .
But he wanted representatives to be only men of property and business. Consequently, only adult male property owners should have the right to vote.
Locke was reluctant to allow the propertyless masses of people to participate in government because he believed that they were unfit. The executive prime minister and courts would be creations of the legislature and under its authority.
Montesquieu was born into a noble family and educated in the law. He traveled extensively throughout Europe, including England, where he studied the Parliament. Montesquieu published his greatest work, The Spirit of the Lawsin Unlike Hobbes and Locke, Montesquieu believed that in the state of nature individuals were so fearful that they avoided violence and war.
The need for food, Montesquieu said, caused the timid humans to associate with others and seek to live in a society. But he said that the state of war among individuals and nations led to human laws and government.We will write a custom essay sample on Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Wollstonecraft specifically for you.
for only $/page. Order Now. Hobbes saw the state nature as “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short. ” The state of nature is anarchy, with constant violence (or potential violence) by amoral leaders terrorizing the population. (Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau) The Social Contract is a theory that originated during the Enlightenment, which addresses the questions of the origin of society and the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual.
Rousseau, Locke, and Hobbes Essay Words | 5 Pages. grounds of equality, justice, and freedom.
Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau were all members of The Enlightenment movement, and each had their own idea on how human society should be structured and run. The Natural Ways of Locke, Hobbes, and Rousseau Essay - In today’s society, human nature is a commonly used term.
On the other hand, there is not just one concept of human nature, but rather a plethora of concepts surrounding the idea.
Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau developed theories on human nature and how men govern themselves. With the passing of time, political views on the philosophy of government gradually changed.
Despite their differences, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau, all became three of the most /5(8). These three stages provide the basic differences between the theories of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. THOMAS HOBBE’S THEORY OF THE SOCIAL CONTRACT Thomas Hobbes () was an English philosopher and political thinker.