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In this training module we look at some of the basic rules for adding quotes to news stories and features. We will look at the different types of quotes - including partial, incomplete and scare quotes - how they should be used and how they should not be used Image by Quinn Anya and released under Creative Commons What is a quote?
A quote is the written form of the words which people have spoken. Occasionally it will also apply to words they have written down, perhaps in a book or a news press release.
The alternative to using a quote is to rewrite the sentence into what we call reported speech. Quotes should not be used on radio, which should broadcast the words in the spoken form. Attribution is stating who made the quote or gave the information. The most common form of attribution uses the verb to say.
Always say who is speaking. In America, attribution is called the tag. Always attribute quotes you use Why use quotes? There are three main reasons why you should use quotes in print journalism: Accuracy If you repeat the exact words which people themselves used you will reduce the risk of misreporting what they say.
Clarity When we give a person's exact words our readers can see both the ideas and the way they were presented. Reality People often use lively language when they speak. Quotes allow you to put that lively language directly into your story.
One of the golden rules of journalism is: Let people speak for themselves. Never start a news story with a quote The most important reason for not starting a story with a quote is that a quote itself seldom shows the news value of your story.
It is your task as a journalist to tell the reader what is news. A standard intro in reported speech is the most effective method of expressing an idea Very few people speak well enough to say in one sentence what a good journalist can compress into a well-written intro.
One of the few places where a journalist can occasionally begin a story with a quote is in writing features - and then only in special cases. As a rule, do not start stories with quotes until you reach a level of experience when they earn their place through artistic merit and not because of their novelty.
A quote itself seldom shows the news value of your story Quotes in the rest of the story If you are going to quote a speech or a personal interview, never leave the first quote later than the third or fourth paragraph of the story.
If you cannot find a quote strong enough to go that high, you should question the value of covering the speech or doing the interview in the first place. If there are no good quotes there might be no story How often should you use quotes? Although quotes bring a story alive, it is still possible to kill a good story by carelessness, particularly over-repetition.
Do not put in strings of quotes simply because you have them in your notebook. Alternate quotes and reported speech, choosing those quotes which are especially strong and rewriting in reported speech those which are either too complicated or too long.
Don't overuse quotes just because you have them Partial quotes There is seldom any excuse for using partial quotes, whether it is in an intro or in the main body of the story. The main exception is when the words you are quoting are slang, such as "dead loss", "the bee's knees", "Star Wars" or "junket".
If you do use a partial quote in the intro, you must give the full quote later in the story; otherwise the reader may believe that it is you using slang. They mistakenly believe that, by showing that the words were said by someone else, they themselves will not be sued for defamation.
This is not so.
If you use defamatory words, you can be sued, whether they were your words or someone else's, whether or not they were in quotes. Do not put individual words or phrases in quotation marks simply because someone else said them first.To write a strong feature it’s not enough to just give the facts.
Your piece must have the most essential element in any story: It must be a story. In nonfiction, like fiction, what readers need more than anything is a reason to care, to want to know what happens next, how it will all turn out. Use this worksheet to examine or begin writing a newspaper article.
Inverted Triangle Worksheet #2 Use this worksheet to examine or begin writing a newspaper article. Newspaper Feature Article #2 Write a feature article for a newspaper. Pick a topic that interests you, then research it before writing the piece. Prompts: Headline, Introduce.
Special feature stories and popular magazine articles constitute a type of writing particularly adapted to the ability of the novice, who has developed some facility in writing, but who may not have sufficient maturity or talent to undertake successful short-story writing or other distinctly literary work.
By Mike Dauplaise It’s a good thing Allan Jamir was blessed with a big, bright smile, because the man people call “Mr. Optimism” is seldom without one. Writing a blog post is a little like driving; you can study the highway code (or read articles telling you how to write a blog post) for months, but nothing can prepare you for the real thing like getting behind the wheel and hitting the open road.
How to Write an Article Review. Sep 07, The Post-Writing Process Summarize the Article. Make a summary of the article by revisiting what the author has written about.
Note relevant facts and findings of the article. Include the author's conclusions in this section.